The Main Cannabinoids in CBD Oil

Cannabinoids in CBD Oil
Cannabinoids in CBD Oil

There are over 100 cannabinoids in the Cannabis plant. However, these are not all included in Cannabidiol products. Cannabinoids start as cannabinoid acids which are the precursor to an active compound. For the most part, there are 8 main cannabinoids in CBD oil products. The 3 which immediately spring to mind are CBD, CBDa and THC. The 2 former compounds will support improvements in health while the latter is key for altogether different reasons.

Key Cannabinoid Compounds in CBD

It should come as no surprise, Cannabidiol (CBD) is the main cannabinoid of interest to most people who consume CBD oil. It is often pure, Gold with a distinctive smell and taste. The next compound is CBDa. This is the precursor to CBD. In short, when CBDa interacts with heat (decarboxylation) it becomes a CBD compound. CBDa also offers a number of health benefits. This compound is usually associated with the raw CBD oils. In most cases, it is dark to light brown or Green in colour. These raw CBD tinctures contain a combination of the CBD and CBDa.

The Only Psychoactive Compound

The next cannabinoid compound to look out for is Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). This is the psychoactive element in marijuana. In the vast majority of CBD oil products, THC is only included in very small or trace quantities. These trace amounts are not sufficiently high enough to cause impairment. In other words, they do not leave users feeling ‘high’. In some cases, THC in small quantities does offer certain benefits. Even a trace amount of THC will have a positive impact on other ingredients. This phenomenon is called the ‘entourage effect’ and is found in the full spectrum CBD oil. It means the various elements (cannabinoids, terpenes) combine and the whole product works better as a result.

List of Cannabinoid Acids in CBD Oil

Cannabis does not produce the compounds we are familiar with, such as CBD and THC. However, it does produce cannabinoid acids which have antibiotic and/or insecticidal properties. You can find the typical cannabinoid acids found in CBD oil below;

CBDA (Cannabidiolic acid)
CBGA (Cannabigerolic acid)
THCA (Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid)
CBCA (Cannabichromenenic acid)
CBGVA (Cannabigerovarinic acid)
THCVA (Tetrahydrocanabivarinic acid)
CBDVA (Cannabidivarinic acid)
CBCVA (Cannabichromevarinic acid)

List of Cannabinoid Compounds

When the oil extract has been processed and is fully decarboxylated, this activates the cannabinoid acids. This process yields the compounds listed below;

CBD (Cannabidiol)
CBG (Cannabigerol)
THC (Δ9–tetrahydrocannabinol)
CBC (Cannabichromene)
CBGV (Cannabigerivarin)
THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin)
CBDV (Cannabidivarin)
CBCV (Cannabichromevarin)

The number may vary or differ to an extent with some manufacturers or in specialist products. That said, on the whole, these are the 8 main cannabinoids in CBD oil products. In general, the list of compounds will largely remain the same. However, the quantities of each ingredient will vary on manufacturer lab test reports. After reading this article, you should now have a better understanding of the different cannabinoids in a typical CBD oil product.

Is CBD Non-Psychoactive?

Is CBD Non-Psychoactive
Is CBD Non-Psychoactive?

When people talk about Cannabidiol, you have probably heard it said that ‘CBD is non-psychoactive’. After all, it does not give you any intoxicating effects. While the majority of people would agree with this view, not everyone does. You see, there are people, well respected in the Cannabis industry, who point out a different opinion. In some respects, you could say that CBD is psychoactive. Obviously, this contradiction causes confusion with new and existing customers. Is CBD non-psychoactive? This article will cover both sides of the debate.

CBD Oil – Psychoactive or Non-Psychoactive?

A high-quality CBD oil like our own 5% Hemp Drops tincture, contains approximately 0.03% of THC. This is a trace amount of Tetrahydrocannabinol that is not large enough to cause any adverse effects. We are confident in saying our product is non-psychoactive. It will not impair our customers or leave them feeling intoxicated. They will still be able to function normally after taking CBD oil. This is because there is no ‘high’ normally associated with Marijuana and the psychoactive compound THC.

Does CBD Affect the Mind?

However, you could stress that CBD is psychoactive in some respects. For example, the definition of psychoactive is: “drugs that affect your mind” (English). If you are taking CBD for depression and anxiety issues, the extract does indeed have an effect on the mind, albeit a positive rather than a negative one. Of course, CBD manufacturers could not market their products as psychoactive, this would cause even more problems than it would solve.

CBD Oil Is Non-Intoxicating

So who is right? Well, both sides of this argument could argue their point and claim to be in the right. The vast majority of people seem to understand. They have no issue with what ‘non-psychoactive’ means. The term explains that CBD will not get you ‘high’. It goes without saying that people who use Cannabidiol come from all ages and walks of life. The most important point is they receive the information required. This helps them to find what they are looking for.

So, is CBD non-psychoactive or psychoactive? Well, technically in some respects, it is psychoactive, in a positive rather than negative sense. That said, CBD manufacturers do not want to confuse their customers for the sake of addressing a minor technicality. Many observers believe this argument is simply ‘splitting hairs’. The debate on this particular topic will continue throughout the Cannabis industry. At least, after reading this article, you have looked at all the facts. Therefore, you will be sufficiently informed to form your own opinion.

Terpenes Found in CBD Oil and Their Effects

CBD Oil Terpenes
Terpenes in CBD Oil

There are approximately 200 terpenes found in the Cannabis plant. However, only a few of them are found in CBD products. In this article, we will cover some of the common terpenes found in CBD oil and their effects. When people talk about CBD, they often mention terpenes and the importance of them. Terpenes are oils that are secreted in the resin glands of the Hemp plant. When terpenes combine with a number of Cannabinoids, a reaction occurs. This phenomenon is the ‘entourage effect’. In simple terms, it means the different elements combine and make the whole product even more effective.

List of Common Terpenes in CBD

The following list of terpenes is what you would expect to find in a good-quality Cannabidiol oil product. These terpenes include myrcene, linalool, caryophyllene, pinene and limonene. Of course, terpenes like these have specific attributes that will deliver certain health benefits.

Terpenes Found in CBD Oil

Myrcene (Hops)

Aroma: musky, earthy.
Effects: relaxing, sedation, sleep, elevated mood.
Benefits: antioxidant, insomnia, anticarcinogenic.
Found in: mango, lemongrass, hops and thyme.

Linalool (Lavender)

Aroma: floral, sweet.
Effects: calming, relaxing, anaesthetic.
Benefits: anxiety relief, analgesic, sedating, anti-convulsant.
Found in: lavender, laurel and rosewood.

Caryophyllene (Black Pepper)

Aroma: wood, spice.
Effects: soothing, calming, anaesthetic.
Benefits: pain relief, antiseptic, anti-cancer, digestion.
Found in: Black pepper, cloves and cinnamon.

Pinene (Rosemary)

Aroma: pine, earthy.
Effects: creativity, energy, alertness, euphoria.
Benefits: anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, antiseptic.
Found in: pine trees, basil, rosemary and sage.

Limonene (Lemon)

Aroma: citrus, lemon.
Effects: stress relief, elevated mood.
Benefits: anxiety relief, an antidepressant.
Found in: citrus, juniper and peppermint.

Additional Terpenes of Note

Other terpenes of note that you may encounter include humulene and terpinolene. These are found in hops and tea tree too. The terpenes in this article are the ones which usually feature in most reputable CBD oil products. This concludes the most common terpenes found in CBD extract and their effects. The next time you take a serving of your preferred Cannabidiol product, you will know the sort of terpenes it is likely to contain.

The Difference Between Full Spectrum CBD and Isolate

Full Spectrum CBD - Isolate
Full Spectrum CBD – Isolate

The market for CBD (Cannabidiol) seems to be expanding by the day. With this ever-increasing demand comes a growing number of queries. People do not always realise there are different types of CBD oil. It is fair to say there is a lot of confusion around certain CBD oil products. This mainly concerns the difference between full spectrum CBD oil and CBD isolate. The aim of this article is to clear up any confusion over the full spectrum and isolate oils. We will cover the positives and negatives of both tinctures. Hopefully, we will offer useful advice on which product would be more suited to your needs and why.

Full Spectrum CBD – Wide Range of Cannabinoids

Full spectrum CBD contains a wide range of cannabinoids. In short, this means that it contains nutrients from the whole plant. Furthermore, nothing of significant nutritional value is left out. The entourage effect comes into play and takes CBD to another level. The ingredients work in synergy and become more powerful. It is non-psychoactive and only contains trace amounts of THC. Full spectrum CBD oil has a reputation for being the most effective form of Cannabidiol. In particular, these extracts have the most impact when it comes to delivering improvements in health. Hempstil full spectrum tinctures are Gold in colour, potent and pure. They are the go-to product for people in need of relief for serious health issues.

THC-Free CBD Isolate Oil

In contrast, CBD isolate caters for a specific customer. Isolate removes everything from the compound Cannabidiol. This means THC and a number of other beneficial compounds are not present in CBD isolate oils. There are pro’s and con’s when it comes to isolate tinctures. For a start, CBD isolate contains no THC. If you are subject to random drug testing in your job and cannot risk a false positive, isolate is a product that would meet those requirements. In those scenarios, a CBD isolate oil with zero THC, would tick all your boxes. Most of the CBD isolate oils range from pale yellow to transparent in colour.

Potency or Purity?

The downside of CBD isolate oils are the effectiveness. This is especially true in comparison to other forms of Cannabidiol. While isolate can boast it has zero THC content, it is also missing other key ingredients. In a side by side comparison, there is little doubt, isolate does not provide the same level of relief or improvements to health that full spectrum CBD can offer. Unfortunately, that is the trade-off customers have to deal with.

Full Spectrum versus Isolate

In summary, there is a demand for both full spectrum CBD and CBD isolate. Indeed, they both cater to a specific customer. If drug testing is not an issue, our advice would be to choose a full spectrum oil tincture. That choice would provide the most health benefits. However, if your employer carries out random drug testing, things change. In that scenario, you may be wise to use a CBD isolate oil instead. You may experience fewer health benefits, that’s for sure. That said, you would have the peace of mind knowing your job and career would not be in jeopardy.

So there you have it, hopefully, you now have all the facts and are better informed about the difference between full spectrum CBD and CBD Isolate. Whichever product you choose, enjoy your CBD experience.

 

Flying with CBD Oil (Cannabidiol)

Flying With CBD Oil
Flying with CBD Oil

We hear a lot of questions from people about flying with CBD oil (Cannabidiol). Hemp extract is the perfect supplement for travellers to promote calm and relaxation. Not to mention its ability to fight pain, inflammation and anxiety. It stands to reason that people would want to take it with them on long journeys. There is a lot of uncertainty around airports and air travel and whether Cannabidiol is allowed or not. Regular users of CBD ask if it is legal to take their oil drops with them through the airport and on board a plane. Well, there is no simple answer to this question. It depends on where you are flying from and your destination.

Travelling with CBD Oil Products

In some countries, Hemp CBD is legal. This means you are free to take Cannabidiol with you on internal flights. However, for international flights, some countries still prohibit the use of all forms of CBD extract. Hence, you could find yourself in a situation where you depart from a location where the CBD is legal and arrive in a country where you are breaking the law. Let’s say you are travelling from the UK to Dubai in the UAE. CBD oil is legal in the UK, however, different laws exist in the UAE, In this country, Cannabidiol is illegal and if you are in possession, you would be breaking their laws.

In the United States, CBD is now legal (as of December 2018) and can be taken through airports and on aircraft for internal flights. However, it must be derived from Hemp and contain less than 0.03% THC. Nevertheless, this is a welcome change for American citizens who are flying between states.

Check the Product Label

It cannot be stressed enough, always check the label of your CBD oil so you know exactly what the THC content is. Ultimately, the amount of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in your CBD product will determine whether it is legal or prohibited. Hence, this will give you peace of mind and confirm the legality or otherwise.

Check CBD Oil Laws Before Travelling

Do your research well in advance before embarking on your journey. Plenty of accurate information about your destination can be found online. If in doubt, please check with the local customs authorities before travelling to avoid any confusion or uncertainty.

Keep CBD in Carry-On Luggage

If you are clear to take CBD on your flight, the best practice is to keep it in your hand luggage with any liquids, oils or lotions you are allowed to take on board. This means it will be close at hand while negotiating the security process and you will be present to assist airport staff with any queries they may have.

Hemp-derived CBD is now legal in most countries. However, because Hemp is sometimes confused with Marijuana, there is still some stigma towards Cannabidiol. In time, we anticipate there will be more widespread acceptance of this natural substance and fewer restrictions on travellers. However, for the time being, we would urge caution and research before flying with CBD oil (Cannabidiol).