Category Archives: Education

This category includes posts which seek to provide education and knowledge on the subject of Cannabidiol (CBD).

CBD Oil and the Entourage Effect

CBD Entourage Effect
CBD Entourage Effect

If you know anything about Cannabidiol you may have heard people talking about cannabinoids and terpenes working together. These powerful elements work side-by-side increasing the levels of potency. CBD oil and the entourage effect are key to delivering a highly effective product. Furthermore, it is crucial in supporting a number of health benefits. When this process is active it means CBD and all the nutrients it contains are hard at work. It can mean the difference between a positive or disappointing Cannabidiol experience.

Full Spectrum CBD Oil

The most effective type of Cannabidiol goes by the name of full spectrum. This extract is widely acknowledged as the most effective CBD product. It contains a wide range of cannabinoids. The full spectrum of cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids work in synergy. This phenomenon is why it has the name of the ‘entourage effect’. In short, the aforementioned compounds combine and take the product to another level. It goes without saying an enhanced product will deliver superior results. In fact, many fans of full spectrum CBD oil will not countenance any other product.

Cannabinoids and Terpenes in Synergy

The list of cannabinoids present in full spectrum CBD is certainly impressive. Not only that, but consider the different terpenes and the unique benefits they provide. These nutrients represent plant medicine at its finest. Separately, they can bring something unique to the table. Indeed, each standalone ingredient is powerful but together they connect to enhance CBD oil. This elevates CBD to a higher level of quality and potency.

THC and the Entourage Effect

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) plays an important role in the entourage effect. However, this does not mean there are high levels of THC. Indeed, the Hemp plant (Cannabis Sativa L.) contains low levels of around 0.3% THC. During CBD production the THC levels shrink down to less than 0.02% to 0.03% subject to the country. This means the level of Tetrahydrocannabinol is very low. This amount of THC is not significant enough to cause any impairment to the user. Hence, CBD oil is non-intoxicating and will not lead to any addiction problems.

CBD and Drug Testing

This leads on to the subject of drug tests. Some employers have a company policy that subjects their employees to random drug testing. Of course, these people would not want to risk anything that might put their employment in jeopardy. All tests are different, but it is possible that a full spectrum CBD product would trigger a positive test result. In these circumstances, a product with 0% THC may be a more suitable choice. It will be less effective, but would not cause any issues with drug screening.

Raw CBD Oil Extracts

In addition to the full spectrum, raw CBD oil also harnesses the ‘entourage effect’. Raw extracts are not fully decarboxylated. Furthermore, they do not have the same level of purity as Gold CBD extracts. Neither are they comparable when it comes to the taste of the oil. However, they also contain similar small, trace levels of THC.

Power of the Entourage Effect

The ‘entourage effect’ mechanism is incredibly powerful. However, to be able to function, it needs the full spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenes. That means THC must be present even in a tiny, minuscule amount. At these levels, THC is likely to assist in providing benefits with no adverse issues. The inclusion of trace amounts of this compound should not deter potential users. All things considered, full spectrum CBD (with the entourage effect) is a highly effective supplement.

CBD and the Endocannabinoid System (ECS)

CBD Endocannabinoid System
CBD Endocannabinoid System

Most people are now familiar with Cannabidiol. It has built a deserved reputation for unleashing a plethora of health benefits. This is not a coincidence but rather a sign of how effective this supplement is when used on a regular basis. Indeed, it has a positive impact on physical and mental symptoms. However, when looking at these processes in detail, it is clear to see how CBD and the endocannabinoid system (ECS) work together. This interaction in the body regulates vital functions and is what delivers such impressive results.

CBD Oil and the Endocannabinoid System

Most people are probably not aware that we all have an endocannabinoid system. Its name comes from the plant that led to its discovery. When CBD improves health, it is interacting with the ECS in this way. To be more specific, the human body has cannabinoid receptors. When we take CBD oil, the substance changes into metabolites. It then binds to the endocannabinoid receptors. These go by the name of CB1 and CB2 receptors. The CBD endocannabinoid system ECS reacts with the CB1, CB2 receptors to deliver a chain reaction of events. These processes are essential to our survival.

CB1 Receptors and Cannabidiol

CB1 receptors are found in the human brain. They are among the most common receptors found in the nervous system. Their role varies but includes regulating memory and mood. They are also responsible for pain sensation and perception. CB1 receptors are also responsible for any psychoactive elements of Cannabis which will bind to them. That said, most CBD products only contain minute quantities of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). CB1 receptors can be found throughout the body albeit in lower quantities.

CB2 Receptors Work with CBD

CB2 receptors are found in our central nervous and immune systems. They play an important role in moderating inflammation and immune response to pathogens. If you take CBD oil to treat arthritis, asthma, autoimmune disorders, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), then your CB2 receptors are at work. These conditions are all consistent with an overactive immune system.

CBD (ECS) Promotes Homeostasis

A perfectly functioning CBD oil endocannabinoid system (ECS) will promote harmony and balance in the body’s cells, tissues and organs. This is what we call homeostasis. Sadly, research indicates it is relatively easy for the endocannabinoid system to become out of sync. When this occurs, high-stress levels, poor diet and lack of exercise are all possible contributing factors. However, CBD promotes homeostasis and could correct any imbalance restoring parity.

CBD Oil and the ECS

It is true that people take CBD oil supplements for a multitude of reasons. That said, the vast majority of those conditions will see some involvement by the endocannabinoid system ECS. The CB1, CB2 interaction plays an integral part in many symptoms as we embark on the road to recovery. This is how CBD and the endocannabinoid system (ECS) work together. CBD oil and the ECS are a formidable, effective combination.

How to Take a Sublingual CBD Oil Drops Tincture

Sublingual CBD Oil
Sublingual CBD Oil Drops

If you have never purchased a CBD product you may not be aware of the most efficient way to consume this natural substance. If you don’t know how to take a sublingual CBD oil drops tincture then read on. In this article, we will explain everything you need to know about administering Cannabidiol oil drops. Furthermore, we will point out why the sublingual gland is the fastest way for the compound to reach the bloodstream.

CBD Oil via Sublingual Absorption

There are a few ways to consume CBD oil including tinctures, capsules, edibles and vape. However, this is a product that is not cheap when you consider the cost of regular use. For this reason, many people prefer making the most of their investment. If you want to maximise your purchase, choose a CBD delivery method that offers fast absorption coupled with a high rate of bioavailability. A sublingual CBD oil drops tincture is the most consistent form of CBD. They start to work in minutes and can stay in the body for up to 6 hours. This allows the compounds to reach the bloodstream faster where they interact with the endocannabinoid system.

Sublingual CBD Drops Tincture

Taking Cannabidiol via the sublingual method is a simple and straightforward process. A CBD oil drops tincture comes in a small bottle which can be in 10ml, 30ml or 50ml sizes. The dropper bottles have a built-in pipette dispenser that allows for accurate, precise dosage of Cannabidiol. It is simply a case of taking the pipette and placing the required number of drops under the tongue (see image). This is where the sublingual gland is located. Furthermore, this part of the mouth will absorb CBD oil faster and more efficiently compared to the digestive system.

Efficient Form of Cannabidiol

Other methods of consuming CBD may be more convenient. However, they do not have the same high rate of bioavailability as sublingual CBD oil. Neither do they stay in the body as long when compared to CBD taken sublingually. The accompanying image illustrates where to place the oil drops. If you find this difficult, try touching the rear of the roof of your mouth using the tip of your tongue. Another tip is to administer the drops while standing in front of a mirror.

CBD with High Bioavailability

After reading this article, you should now have a better understanding of how to take a sublingual CBD oil drops tincture. Remember, to get the most out of your product you should look for high bioavailability and absorption. To ensure the body takes in the highest percentage of Cannabidiol, it is highly recommended to use the sublingual method.

Adding CBD Oil to Food and Drink

CBD Oil Food Drink
Adding CBD Oil to Food and Drink

We all have our favourite way of consuming Cannabidiol. CBD tinctures and softgel capsules immediately spring to mind. However, there are occasions when there is an urge to try something different. If you are considering adding CBD oil to food and drink, read on. This article will explain some of the do’s and dont’s. For example, the best practice of preparing recipes and the best time to mix CBD Hemp oil with food and drinks.

CBD-Infused Food and Drinks

The trend of Cannabis and CBD-infused foods and drinks are popular in London and other major cities. There is no shortage of restaurants and eateries selling dishes and beverages with a new healthier twist. The only downside is the amount of CBD these items contain. Sometimes the options are few regarding the amount of CBD for those seeking a high-strength dose. In that respect, you are placing your trust in the outlet to provide a fair and honest product.

Is Cannabidiol in Food and Drink Legal?

In some countries where the CBD is legal, there are restrictions on adding CBD oil to food and drink. We have seen instances of this in the United States. After the announcement of the Farm Bill, the FDA decided that CBD is illegal in food and drink. Luckily, in the UK there are no such problems or barriers with the consumption of CBD in food, drink or in isolation. You can easily purchase CBD products or buy food and drinks, freshly prepared with an infusion of Cannabidiol.

Prepare CBD Food and Drink

If your preference is to prepare things yourself, adding CBD oil to food and drink is straightforward. That said, it is important to note some limitations when it comes to cooking with Cannabidiol. This is because CBD does not react well to extreme temperatures. In some cases, it is already fully decarboxylated. In other words, CBD could degrade if exposed to extreme temperature and heat. Of course, this would be defeating the object and could reduce the health benefits.

Avoid Heating Cannabidiol

The best practice is to use CBD oil in the final stages of a recipe. This avoids any issues associated with exposure to prolonged heat. You can easily add CBD to salads, soups, dips and smoothies. This gives the aforementioned meals a healthy and nutritious boost. In fact, you could make your own chocolate or gummies taking care to add CBD as late as possible (after heat). In addition, many people like to add CBD to their drinks. CBD with coffee is extremely popular plus tea, green tea, matcha and other beverages.

Bioavailability of CBD Foods

The only thing to bear in mind is the rate of bioavailability. When CBD passes through the digestive tract, the rate of absorption is slightly lower compared to the sublingual gland. Even so, most barely notice the difference and are happy with this form of consumption. As the industry continues to grow, there will always be a demand for those who enjoy taking CBD oil with food and drink.

The Main Cannabinoids in CBD Oil

Cannabinoids in CBD Oil
Cannabinoids in CBD Oil

There are over 100 cannabinoids in the Cannabis plant. However, these are not all included in Cannabidiol products. Cannabinoids start as cannabinoid acids which are the precursor to an active compound. For the most part, there are 8 main cannabinoids in CBD oil products. The 3 which immediately spring to mind are CBD, CBDa and THC. The 2 former compounds will support improvements in health while the latter is key for altogether different reasons.

Key Cannabinoid Compounds in CBD

It should come as no surprise, Cannabidiol (CBD) is the main cannabinoid of interest to most people who consume CBD oil. It is often pure, Gold with a distinctive smell and taste. The next compound is CBDa. This is the precursor to CBD. In short, when CBDa interacts with heat (decarboxylation) it becomes a CBD compound. CBDa also offers a number of health benefits. This compound is usually associated with the raw CBD oils. In most cases, it is dark to light brown or Green in colour. These raw CBD tinctures contain a combination of the CBD and CBDa.

The Only Psychoactive Compound

The next cannabinoid compound to look out for is Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). This is the psychoactive element in marijuana. In the vast majority of CBD oil products, THC is only included in very small or trace quantities. These trace amounts are not sufficiently high enough to cause impairment. In other words, they do not leave users feeling ‘high’. In some cases, THC in small quantities does offer certain benefits. Even a trace amount of THC will have a positive impact on other ingredients. This phenomenon is called the ‘entourage effect’ and is found in the full spectrum CBD oil. It means the various elements (cannabinoids, terpenes) combine and the whole product works better as a result.

List of Cannabinoid Acids in CBD Oil

Cannabis does not produce the compounds we are familiar with, such as CBD and THC. However, it does produce cannabinoid acids which have antibiotic and/or insecticidal properties. You can find the typical cannabinoid acids found in CBD oil below;

CBDA (Cannabidiolic acid)
CBGA (Cannabigerolic acid)
THCA (Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid)
CBCA (Cannabichromenenic acid)
CBGVA (Cannabigerovarinic acid)
THCVA (Tetrahydrocanabivarinic acid)
CBDVA (Cannabidivarinic acid)
CBCVA (Cannabichromevarinic acid)

List of Cannabinoid Compounds

When the oil extract has been processed and is fully decarboxylated, this activates the cannabinoid acids. This process yields the compounds listed below;

CBD (Cannabidiol)
CBG (Cannabigerol)
THC (Δ9–tetrahydrocannabinol)
CBC (Cannabichromene)
CBGV (Cannabigerivarin)
THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin)
CBDV (Cannabidivarin)
CBCV (Cannabichromevarin)

The number may vary or differ to an extent with some manufacturers or in specialist products. That said, on the whole, these are the 8 main cannabinoids in CBD oil products. In general, the list of compounds will largely remain the same. However, the quantities of each ingredient will vary on manufacturer lab test reports. After reading this article, you should now have a better understanding of the different cannabinoids in a typical CBD oil product.