There are over 100 cannabinoids that have been identified from Cannabis. However, these are not all included in Cannabidiol products. Cannabinoids start as cannabinoid acids which are the precursor to an active compound. For the most part, there are 8 main cannabinoids in CBD oil products. The 3 which immediately spring to mind are CBD, CBDa and THC. The 2 former compounds are linked to improvements in health while the latter is key for altogether different reasons.
Key Cannabinoid Compounds in CBD
It should come as no surprise, Cannabidiol (CBD) is the main compound of interest to most people who consume CBD oil. This is followed by CBDa which is the precursur to CBD. In short, when CBDa is exposed to heat (decarboxylation) it is then transformed into the CBD. CBDa also offers a number of health benefits. This compound is usually associated with the raw CBD oils and is dark brown or Green in colour. These raw CBD tinctures contain a combination of the CBD and CBDa.
The Only Psychoactive Compound
The next compound to look out for is Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). This is the psychoactive element in marijuana. In the vast majority of CBD oil products, THC is only included in very small quantities. These trace amounts are not sufficiently high enough to cause impairment or leave users feeling ‘high’. In some cases, THC in small quantities does offer certain benefits. It is said that including even a trace amount of THC will have a positive impact on other ingredients. This phenomenon is called the ‘entourage effect’ and is found in the full spectrum CBD oil. It means the various elements (cannabinoids, terpenes) combine and the whole product works better as a result.
List of Cannabinoid Acids
Cannabis does not produce the compounds we are familiar with, such as CBD and THC. However, it does produce cannabinoid acids which have antibiotic and/or insecticidal properties.
CBDA (Cannabidiolic acid)
CBGA (Cannabigerolic acid)
THCA (Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid)
CBCA (Cannabichromenenic acid)
CBGVA (Cannabigerovarinic acid)
THCVA (Tetrahydrocanabivarinic acid)
CBDVA (Cannabidivarinic acid)
CBCVA (Cannabichromevarinic acid)
List of Cannabinoid Compounds
When the oil extract has been processed and is fully decarboxylated, the cannabinoid acids are activated yielding the compounds listed below.
The number may vary with some manufacturers or in specialist products. That said, on the whole, these are the 8 main cannabinoids you will find in most CBD oil products. The list of compounds will largely remain the same, but the quantities of each ingredient will vary on manufacturer lab test reports. After reading this article, you should now have a better understanding of the different cannabinoids in a typical CBD oil product.